An evaluation of satellite-derived humidity and its relationship to convective development

final report

Publisher: National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Publisher: National Technical Information Service, distributor in [Washington, DC, Springfield, Va

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  • Humidity.,
  • Convection (Astrophysics)

Edition Notes

Other titlesEvaluation of satellite derived humidity and its relationship to convective development.
StatementHenry E. Fuelberg, principal investigator.
SeriesNASA contractor report -- NASA CR-193077.
ContributionsUnited States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
The Physical Object
Pagination1 v.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL17680845M

Satellite Infrared Retrievals of Sea Surface Temperature at High Latitudes, Chong Jia. PDF. Variability of Midtropospheric Humidity and its Modulation of Convective Precipitation, Steven Simon. Theses/Dissertations from PDF. Improving Satellite Retrieved Infrared Sea Surface Temperatures in Aerosol Contaminated Regions, Bingkun Luo.  › Home › RSMAS › MPO › MPO_OA_THESES. The convective moisture adjustment time scale (Bretherton et al., ) is one way of characterizing or representing the moisture‐convection relationship, which has been used in theoretical (Adames & Kim, ; Sobel & Maloney, ) and model evaluation (Jiang et al., ) studies of the ://   Zhuo, L. & Han, D. Hydrological evaluation of satellite soil moisture data in two basins of different climate and vegetation density conditions. Advances in Meteorology , 1–15 (). Article   The terms comprising I from the combined satellite analysis are shown across Fig. 2. The functional forms of F(R) and P(R), and J(R) at high R fit well the satellite-derived data. There are two

  (v) ‘Development of PFMs with miniaturized battery-powered fans’—Fan-derived air currents, as exemplified by PAPRs and surgical hoods, cool the head and facial regions and the inhaled air resulting in minimal increase or a decrease in body temperature (Caretti and Gardner, ). Miniaturized (8 × 8 × 3 mm) battery powered fans   14], was successfully validated for other single-stage and combined convective dryers during the development of the aforementioned calculation tool [6]. Because in that paper only the input data and results of calculations had been presented, details of energy performance evaluation for Current researches include algorithm developments for COMS (Korean Geostationary Satellite), MSG application for studying the water vapor-cloud-radiation budget problems, water vapor transport studies using satellite-derived hydrological data, and Global Precipitation Measurements (GPM)   Walcek, C. J., Cloud cover and its relationship with relative humidity during a springtime midlatitude cyclone: some implications for climate models. Proceedings, 1 th International Conference on Clouds and Precipitation. Montreal, Canada, 17

Abstract. Single Spectrum Bipartite Graph (SSBG) model is developed to forecast thunderstorms over Kolkata during the premonsoon season (April-May). The statistical distribution of normal probability is observed for temperature, relative humidity, convective available potential energy (CAPE), and convective inhibition energy (CIN) to quantify the threshold values of the parameters for the   Interestingly, the GU-RM1 δ 18 O record is not correlated with July 21 insolation during the l yr BP (r(p) = − (), see also Fig. 2a, b).Indeed, the shape of the GU-RM1 curve This study investigates the performance of the latest version of RegCM4 in simulating summer precipitation over South Korea, comparing nine sensitivity experiments with different combinations of convective parameterization schemes (CPSs) between land and ocean. In addition to the gross pattern of seasonal and monthly mean precipitation, the northward propagation of the intense precipitation   I have authored or co-authored 65 peer-reviewed journal articles and two book chapters covering diverse topics such as drought monitoring, ensemble data assimilation, validation of numerical model simulation output using satellite observations, synthetic satellite dataset generation, and subtropical ://~jasono/

An evaluation of satellite-derived humidity and its relationship to convective development Download PDF EPUB FB2

An evaluation of satellite-derived humidity and its relationship to convective development. By Henry E. Fuelberg. Abstract. An aircraft prototype of the High-Resolution Interferometer Sounder (HIS) was flown over Tennessee and northern Alabama during summer The HIS temperature and dewpoint soundings were examined on two flight days to   Convective temperatures derived from HIS retrievals helped explain the cloud formation that occurred after the HIS overflights.

Crude estimates of Bowen ratio were obtained from HIS data using a mixing-line approach. Values indicated that areas of large sensible heat flux were the areas of first cloud :// Get this from a library. An evaluation of satellite-derived humidity and its relationship to convective development: final report.

[Henry E Fuelberg; United States. National Aeronautics and The humidity within a Thunderstorm can range from 50 to 80%. However, what humans feel might be at 90% humidity. The humidity decreases rapidly when the storm releases the rain.

Humans may feel There is currently a NASA satellite orbiting Mercury, gathering data on both the planet and the sun. subject(s): Satellite sounding 'An evaluation of satellite-derived humidity and its No.

Satellites cannot predict thunderstorms. However, satellites do give information about the weather. This, combined with data from other sources, is used to make a :// Satellites above the atmosphere can get a clear, big picture of Earth's cloud formations.

By analysing these cloud patterns, meteorologists can forecast how these clouds will change and move, and Yes.

The more humid air is, the more easily it rises. Rising, moist air is the main thing that produces a thunderstorm. It can also strengthen an already existing ://   The Sciences and Exploration Directorate is the largest Earth and space science research organization in the world. Its scientists advance understanding of the Earth and its life-sustaining environment, the Sun, the solar system, and the wider universe beyond.

The Directorate is part of Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) in Greenbelt, :// Print ISSN: Online ISSN: Cover range: Vol.1 No.1 () Vol No.5 () Also derived from satellite observations are the total precipitable vapour estimates produced within the 1D+4D‐Var scheme described in section Measurements of atmospheric refraction (quantified as bending angles) obtained from GPS radio occultation began to be used in ERA‐Interim ingrowing to significant numbers by the end of Journal of Marine Science and Technology, Vol.

14, No. 2, pp. () 65 EVALUATION OF SATELLITE-DERIVED OBJECTIVE POTENTIAL INDEX FOR OCEANIC Dear Colleagues, In its report, the National Research Council of the U.S. National Academy of Science recommended the development of Climate Data Records (CDRs) from satellites, wherein the CDR was defined as a time series of measurements of sufficient length, consistency, and continuity to determine climate variability and change, accounting for systematic errors and noise in the Relative humidity and its effect on aerosol optical depth in the vicinity of convective clouds Article (PDF Available) in Environmental Research Letters 8(3) September with Reads Atmospheric humidity is variously specified by the partial pressure of water vapor (e, in hPa), vapor density (g m −3), specific humidity (q, g/g of moist air), or relative humidity (RH = e/e s).The relationship between them can be found in standard texts.

e s is the liquid water saturation vapor pressure at air temperature, given approximately by the empirical equation   The satellite instrument exhibits its maximum sensitivity to detect differences in humidity near the level where the atmospheric contribution intersects the surface contribution.

The crossover effect causes the net radiation intensity in the μm band of Meteosat to be very sensitive within mid- and upper troposphere moist layers (see   The expected pattern [as reported by Krishnamurthy and Shukla (), Guhathakurta and RajeevanJoshi et al. (), and Mishra et al.

()] is quite well captured by CPC-uni and the satellite-derived products, exhibiting a uniform structure of positive loading (–) over a large part of the Indian region and some pockets of   relationship between radar observation data and rain rate in Malaysia.

In this finding, the performance evaluation of radar is the most important task to study the relationship of radar reflectivity (Z) and rainfall (R). The selection of radar station should be A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the :// Through its coverage of a wide variety of soil moisture retrieval applications, including drought, flood, irrigation scheduling, weather forecasting, climate change, precipitation forecasting, and several others, this is the first book to promote synergistic and multidisciplinary   Convective and Stratiform Precipitation Processes and their Relationship to Latent Heating Wei-Kuo Tao, Steve Lang, Xiping Zeng Shoichi Shige and Yukari Takayabu Submitted to the J.

Climate Popular Summary The global hydrological cycle is central to the Earth's climate system, with rainfall and the   where ρ a is the density of air, c p is the specific heat of air at constant pressure, and L υ is the latent heat of vaporization.

The bulk quantities are the wind speed, U; the surface and near-surface atmospheric potential temperatures, θ s and θ a, respectively; and the surface and near-surface atmospheric specific humidities, q s and q a, respectively. The values for the exchange   An Evaluation of GOES-8Retrievals P.

A NIL RAO AND HENRY E. FUELBERG Department of Meteorology, The Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida (Manuscript received 15 Septemberin final form 31 March ) ABSTRACT The Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES-8) temperature–moisture retrievals were   For all three regions, UTWV decreases as air makes its way from convective regions to the subtropical dry regions: UTH drops from >60% (close to % relative to ice) on the edge of convective regions to about 25%–35% after air has traveled along forward air trajectories for 5 days (i.e., isolated from convection for 5 days).

7 Note from Fig Synoptic development can also be viewed in terms of vertical velocity associated with the evolution of vorticity in the middle and upper troposphere.

Such a quasi-geostrophic approach can be used for the purposes of subjective analysis to diagnose the vertical circulation associated with a large-scale distribution of pressure and temperature Ma, W., M.

Hafeez, wa, Ma Yaoming,Evaluation of SEBS for estimation of actual evapotranspiration using ASTER satellite data for irrigation areas of Australia, Theoretical and applied climatology, DOI: / This study examined lightning activity and its relationship to precipitation and convective available potential energy (CAPE) in South China during –12, based on data from the Guangdong Request PDF | On Jun 1,Gebrekidan Worku and others published Evaluation of Regional Climate Models Performance in Simulating Rainfall Climatology of Jemma Sub-basin, Upper Blue Nile Basin From its nineteenth-century beginnings, to latest research results, and then to its critical applications in weather forecasting, air quality, health, climate change, and planning, it will be indispensable for anyone interested in the subject, from students, researchers, and most importantly, planners.' Robert Bornstein - San Jose State University   With the launch of the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission’s (TRMM) satellite inover year’s rainfall data derived by its Precipitation Radar (PR) for stratiform and convective.

To investigate the relationship between convective activity over Sumatra and intraseasonal variation (ISV), a case study during June was carried out. In Juneconvective activities over the Indian Ocean, Indonesia Maritime Continent (IMC), and the western Pacific were significantly modulated by ://  ; Rogers et al.

) and the potential relationship between convective bursts and RI (McFarquhar et al. ; Rogers et al. ; Wang and Wang ). In spite of the benefits attained by using IR-satellite imagery in RI forecasting techniques, IR imagery is somewhat limited in its Convective updrafts simulated by CRMs also become slightly weaker in warmer conditions when convective available potential energy and relative humidity are fixed [e.g., Robinson et al., ] and tend to decrease in GCMs as well [Held and Soden, ].

These effects, and the slowdown of planetary‐scale circulations, may seem